Periodontal (gum) diseases, including gingivitis and periodontics, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth.

»  Gum Disease
Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.
In the mildest form of the disease, gingivitis, the gums redden, swell and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.

»  Gum Contouring
Gum Contouring is a surgical procedure where in the gums are shaped by surgical incisions, under local anesthesia to a more esthetically balanced appearance. This is called a simple cosmetic gum lift.

»  Oral Prophylaxis
Sometimes regular brushing and using dental floss will not always assist you in getting rid of deposits on teeth.  Occasionally you might need professional dental cleaning to remove such unseen and unwanted deposits.

»  Flap Surgery
Flap surgery can be described as the loosening of the gum from bone to expose and clean underlying tooth structures by means of an incision on the gum close to the tooth under local anesthesia. The entire area is then carefully cleaned and all tartar and infected granulation tissue are removed and the bone is examined.

»  Frenectomy
A frenum is a fold of tissue or muscle connecting the lips, cheek or tongue to the jawbone. A frenectomy is the removal of one of these folds of tissue.

»  Gingivectomy
It is a minor surgery wherein the dentist is engaged in removing small amount of gum tissue that forms a part of the tooth supporting tissues. This surgery is usually performed on patients who are not happy with their smile or patients who cannot maintain good oral hygiene due to enlarged gum tissues.

»  Oral Prophylaxis or cleaning of teeth
When there are hard deposits seen around the tooth or maybe also below the gum line than cleaning is recommended. This procedure is also known as Scaling, or oral prophylaxis
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